The word chakra is of Sanskrit origin, and it means “wheel” or “energy vortex” . The description of the chakras originates from Hindu culture, there it is called lotus flower as well. During the turning of the chakra a sucking effect is developed, which in turn attracts energy.
When it comes to the human body the chakras are those places , where the intensive flow of ener-gy takes place. On the body such places can be found on seven points: the root chakra is at the coccyx, the sex chakra at the cross-bone, the heart chakra at the centre of the chest, the throat chakra at the throat, the brow chakra at the third eye, and the crown chakra at the centre of the skull.
These seven places are the places where the human outside world, and then works it out. When the energy freely flows in the chakras, the person is healthy , but if for some reason the flow of energy is hindered, bodily and mental disharmony can occur.
For example, the repressed feelings on certain parts of the body are present as tension, and cause programs in those areas, thus fear in the neck is summed up here, and we can feel a knot in our throat.
From the signs of the chakras we can know whether something disturbs our healthy balance, we can prevent the occurence of illnesses, we can recognize our weak points, we can release stress. To all the chakras we can connect characteristics, for example, tasks, colours, smells, illnesses. Based on these we can deduct our conclusions.
Our body has seven energy centres, that is to say chakras, which are located along the spine from bottom to top these are the following:
1st root chakra
2nd abdomen chakra in other words: sex chakrahasi csakra
3rd navel chakra
4th heart chakra
5th throat chakra
6th brow chakra
7th crown chakra
The universal life-energy starts out from the root chakra, goes towards the crown chakra, putting them on a chain like connection. As all chakras are in connection with the neighbouring chakras, as well as other parts of the body, other points, – organs – this connects the “working whole:”
It can be seen, that the insufficient working of any of these – due to the sufficit or the deficit suf-fered –, can mix up the balance of life, in other words, it can cause illnesses. If the chakra works normally (that is in clockwise direction) then the chakra is open, it can thus take up the energy.
- ROOT CHAKRA
Muladhra chakra – Root chakra
mula = root adhra = base, plinth
At the lower end of the coccyx the muladhra chakra is located and this chakra is the first in the row of human chakras. Its mantra is LAM.
The muladhara chakra is the boundary between the animal and the human consciousness. It is in connection with the sub-conscious, where the experiences and actions of our past lives are stored. This forms the base of our personality’s development and has a serious influence on how our life turns out – according to the law of karma.
The positive characteristics of the muladhara chakra are vitality, life-force, development, its negative typicalities are laziness, slothfulness, passionateness, and selfishness, self-centredness. This chakra is ruled by Shiva “the lord of the animals” (Pashupati Maha deva), this shows the victory over lower animal characteristics.
The symbol of the muhadhara chakra is the four leaf lotus. The four leaves symbolize the inner functions rooted in this chakra: spirit (manas) , sense (buddhi) consciousness (chitta) and ego (ahamkara).
Where there is life, there is also consciousness, and consciousness aims for evolution. Therefore the muladhara chakra is symbolized by energy and aiming higher. Its colour is red like that of the shakti. Shakti means awakening, motion, development and energy. The red colour symbolizes the awakening of the slumbering consciousness, its growth into an active, awakened consciousness.
The other symbol of the muladhara chakra is the upside-down triangle. This carries a double mean-ing. On the one part it symbolizes a funnel, which collects and herds the cosmic energy down-wards, on the other part ,it symbolizes the consequence of development, which is expansion. The apex of the triangle is the starting point , if you wish the seed, its stalks going upwards illustrate how our consciousness becomes human.
The animal of the muladhara chakra is the seven trunked elephant. The elephant is one of the sym-bols of wisdom. The seven trunks represent the seven treasures of the earth (saptadhatu). The ancient element of the chakra is the earth, the basis of our existence and at the same time our “mother ” which provides us with energy and food.
The lowest chakra is also called basis or base chakra. It can be connected with the material world , the symbol of the earth. The root chakra’s four petalled lotus flower blooms dowwards between the opening of the anus and the sexual organ, and therein lies the Kundalini energy. It provides the solid parts of the body with fine energy (bones, teeth, nails, leg) the opening of the anus, the intes-tine, the prostate, the blood, the building of cells, and the adrenaline gland.
The adjuvant hormones are adrenaline and noradrelanine. The disturbance in the chakra is indicat-ed by illnesses of the mentioned body parts: rectal problems, incontinence, straight intestinal complaints,haemorrhoids, paralyses of the feet, varicose veins, weak skeletal system, frequent breakage of bones, bad teeth despite dental hygiene, skin problems. Through its positive ema-nence we become self-secure, we feel that we will reach our goals, and look upon ourselves as the organic part of earthly life, and we come across security.
A disturbance in the root chakra is indicated if somebody is overly materialistically oriented, wants to own everything, just acts for his/her own good, becomes red with anger and rage, is too aggressive or too timid.
Its task: sustaining the basics
Key concepts: calm, security
Physical aspects: feet, bones, immune system
Related illnesses: weight problems, arthritis,
Addictions: alcohol, manic/obsessive cleaning
Symbolised by: red square
Stones: ruby, onyx
Fragrances: basil, clove, ginger
Healing stones: agate, hematite, red jasper, red corall, granate, jade, ruby
Svadhishthana chakra – Lower body part centre
sva = self being adhishthana = place
The svadhisthana chakra is located at the lower end of the cross bone. The mantra of this chakra is VAM.
Svadhisthana chakra represents the stairs-step of our evolution. The development of conscious-ness into pure human consciousness starts out in the svadhisthana chakra. The svadhisthana chak-ra is the sub-conscious, where from our arriving at the womb, that is to say, from conception it holds every experience and impresssion of our existence.
Although our karmas are stored by the muladhara chakra their activation starts out from svadhisthina. It depends on us and solely on us, whether we use these attributes for good or bad purposes. The awakening of the svadhisthana chakra brings clarity and cleanness, and lets our per-sonality bloom, but only if we have cleared our mind of negative qualities and characteristics.
The chakra symbolised by the lotus has six leaves, which represent the bad character traits which we have to conquer, these are: anger, hate, jealousy, cruelty, greed, self-conceit, respectively haughtiness. Further negative traits of this chakra which hinder our development are: laziness, fear, dubiousness, revenge,envy, and greed.
The animal of the svadhisthana chakra is the crocodile which represents the laziness, insensitivity, and danger which slumbers in the chakra. The ancient element of the svadhisthana, water also points at the slumbering dangers. Water is “mellow”, mild and permissive, but if it runs amok, and there is no control, then its power is horrific. The same holds good for the energies of the svadhisthana chakra. If negative energies surface into the consciousness from the subconscious, then these can quickly unbalance us.
The gods of these chakra are Brahma, the creator, and his daughter Sharasvati, the godess of wis-dom and the arts.The colour of svadhisthana is orange, just like the colour of dawn, which symbol-izes the rise of consciousness. Orange is also the colour of activity and cleansing, which marks the characteristics that can develop in this chakra, once we rule the Svadhisthana chakra. These posi-tive traits are: joy, trust, respectively hope, self-consciousness, and the will to act.
The second chakra is also called the sacral, abdominal, and sexual chakra. The lotus flower opens its front-protruding six orange coloured petals between the genitals and the stomach. It provides the area of the pelvis , sexual organs, the sexual glands , the protastate, the testicles, the sperm, the kidneys, the bladder, the blood and the digestive organs with fine energy. The hormones allo-cated to it are oestrogen and testosterone.
The disturbances which occur in the chakra are caused by the following illnesses: illnesses of the colon, bladder complaints, illnesses of the kidney, infertility, illness of the prostate, womb and ova-ries complaints, disturbances in menstruation. Through its positive emanation we can rid ourselves of our disturbing feelings, we will become open and regard our feelings as natural, we will again wonder at the beauty of life, we will be able to again use sexuality as a creative power, we will feel good, our want for adventure will grow, our creativity will unfold, we will learn to enjoy life. This is the chakra of sensitivity and sensuality.
Excessive sexual appetite or its opposite its suppression, insomnia, fear of death, and restraint all point to the disturbed working of the abdominal chakra.
Its task: longing, gender, fertility,
Key concepts: feelings, private life
Physical aspects: genitals
Related illnesses: impotence, frigidity
Addictions: alcohol, gluttony, troubled personal relationships
Stones: ameber, carneol
Scents: ylang-ylang, ginger, sandalwood
Healing stones: pearl, orange moonstone, carneol, orange-calcite, fire-opal
3. NAVEL CHAKRA
Manipura chakra – Navel centre
mani = jewel pura = place, city
The manipura chakra is located behind the navel, somewhere around the solar plexus. Its mantra is RAM.
Reaching the manipura chakra means that we have overcome the negative characteristics of the Svadhisthana chakra, and here we can receive several valuable treasures.
In the manipura chakra we can obtain serenity, cleanliness, self-confidence, feelings of happiness, self-assuredness, wisdom, and the abilities of recognition and decision making. The colour of the chakra is yellow, its animal is the fiery ram, its ancient element is fire. Therefore it is also known as fire or sun centre. The element of fire manifests itself in the body in the form of body temperature. The manipura chakra regulates the energy storage content of the body. Its organic counterpart is the solar plexus. The manipura chakra is the centre of life energy.
It draws the prana like a magnet from the universe into the human body. As the centre of digestive fire it also controls the working of the digestive organs. The strong and energetic manipura chakra fortifies health. If the energy can flow freely and cleanly without obstacles and hindrances, the manipura chakra works like a powerhouse which provides the body with vital energy. In additition it gives balancedness, strength and ability to act.
If there are blockages or blocks in the chakra these at the same time can lead to several health problems (circulation disturbances, fluctuation of blood pressure, diabetes).
The other symbol of the chakra is the triangle with its apex turned upside down. It symbolizes the spread of energy, growth, development. The lotus flower of the manipura has ten petals, which represent ten pranas, that is, life-forces, which regulate all functions of the body as well as its provision with nutrients. The activation of the manipura chakra frees us from negative energies, cleanses and improves the quality of life-strength.
The Gods of the manipura chakra are Vishnu and Lakshmi. The God Vishnu represents the fully evolved human consciousness, which no longer contains animal qualities in itself. Lakshmi is the godess of full and blooming material and mental wellbeing.
This third chakra is also mentioned as the solar plexus or the stomach chakra. It is the representative of thinking, it is the sphere of emotions. It opens its petals to the front, at a a two inch distance above the navel . It provides the area around the waist and the abdomen with fine energy, the digestive system, the stomach, the liver, the gall, the spleen, the pancreas and the involuntary nervous system. Its allocated hormone is insulin. We take up the energy of the sun through the solar plexus, which not only feeds our etheral body, but also our physical body with vital strength.
The disturbances occuring in the chakra can cause the following illnesses: liver complaints, gall bladder illnessess, diabetes, stomach ulcer, disturbances in enzyme production and digestion. Through its positive emanation we will have a peaceful and harmonius life, with its help we can accept our feelings and thereby use it for self- fulfillment, we cosciously use and control the creative energies of the two lower chakras , and we bring the intelellectual wealth of the higher chakras down into the material world. This chakra is generally referred to as the chakra of self expression, or the chakra which expresses personality.
If we cannot deal with our life experiences, feelings and desires well within our nervous system, disturbances occur in the stomach chakra. As a result we lose our will to live, our strength, our ability to concentrate. If we want to achieve success too strongly, a permanent sense of dissatisfaction will accompany us, the suppression of our feelings may result in unexpected emotional outbursts.
Its task: will and strength
Key concepts: power, rational thinking, self control, laughter,
Physical aspects: digestive system, liver, spleen, pancreas
Related illnesses: ulcers, diabetes, arthritis
Addictions eating disorders, coffee, obsesssive cleaness
Symbolism: yellow triangle pointing upwards
Stones: tiger-eye, citrine
Scent: bergamot, lavender, citrus
Healing stones: amber, citrine, tiger-eye, noble topaz, yellow calcite:
- HEART CHAKRA
Anahatha chakra – Heart centre
anahatha nada = endless voice
The anahatha chakra is located at the centre of the chest, close to the heart. The mantra of the chakra is JAM. The colour of the anahatha chakra is light blue, the colour of the sky, its ancient element is air which symbolizes wideness, expansion and freedom. This means that in this chakra our consciousness may expand into eternity.
The anatha chakra is the residence of the Divine I,the divine self (athma). The twelve petals of its lotus symbolize the divine characteristics of the heart: happiness, peace, harmony, love, understanding, brightness, cleanness, unity, mercifulness, kind-heartedness, and forgiveness. At the same time the chakra is also the centre of feelings and emotions. In its symbolic picture we find two triangles which entwine in a star-like manner, the apex of one points downwards, the other upwards.
When the energy of the anatha chakra flows upwards towards the spiritual consciousness, the our feelings appear in the form of bakhti, in the form of pure divine love and devotion. However if our consciousness descends into the sphere of worldly passions, then our feelings become confused and criss-cross, and we get gripped by greed, jealousy, sadness, and desperation.
Anahatha is the centre of poetry. The person who concentrates on this chakra, may develop his or her abilities as a poet and further his/her talent. Another force, which also stems from this chakra is the sankalpa shakti ( the power of wishes to come true). If we would like oor wish to come true, we should concentrate on it in our heart. The cleaner our anahatha chakra is, the quicker our wishes will come true.
The animal of the anahatha chakra is the antilope, which warns us to be vigilant and careful. The Gods of this chakra are Shiva and Parvati who embody the harmoniously working consciousness and nature which meet in the heart chakra.
The fourth chakra, that of the heart plays an essential part in chakra science. Its symbol is the six pointed star: it symbolizes the cohesion of the triangles of the lower and upper chakras. With heart chakra we have taken the step into the realm of the soul. Its colour is pink and green, its twelve-petal lotus flower blooms at the front of the chest with petals blooming forward. It provides the area of the heart, the chest, the lower part of the lung, the upper part of the back, the shoulders, the skin, the hands and the circulatory system with fine energy.
Allocated to it are the thymus gland which regulates the lymphatic system and which strengthens the immune system. In cases of disturbances within this chakra heart rhythm disturbanves, circulatory disturbances, immunological weakness may develop. Through its positive emanence our heart will be the giver of unconditional love. We will be magnanimous, selfless, kind and good hearted. We will emanate warm happiness. Our green vibrating waves represent our healing, harmonising character traits.
Our heart chakra works in a disharmonic way if we become unfeeling, if we cannot receive or give love, and we are only concerned about our own will. If we are disappointed we get so sick because of our feeling that we will be unable to love anyone after this, after we have been unbalanced, we will become disinterested and uncaring, sometimes depression and crying bouts are what we experience.
Its task: love
Key concepts: care, trust, forgiveness, commiseration
Physical aspects: heart, lung, shoulder, arm, hand
Allocated illnesses: high blood pressure, asthma, consumptiveness
Addiction: smoking, drugs
Symbol: Star of David
Stone: rose quartz, malachite
Scents: rose, ylang-ylang, eucalyptus
Healing stones: aventurine, chrisoprase, emerald, cunsite, coral, rose quartz,rubelite, rodonite, rhodocrozite.
- THROAT CHAKRA
Vishuddhi chakra – Throat Centre
visha = poison, uncleanness shuddhi = cleaning
The A vishuddhi chakra is located around the area of the larynx. Its mantra is HAM, its colour is violet blue. In the vishuddi chakra we reach the fifth level, the fifth element which is akasha(space).
This chakra is the starting point of the udana prana, and one of its functions is to clean the body from toxins during breathing. This is also where the name of the chakra comes from. It doesn’t just clean the body on a bodily plain, it also helps to clean the psyche and the mind. Each problem that we supress, each unpleasant experience that “we swallow” during our lives live on in our subconscious until we finally face them, because we can only clean or process them when we face them wisely.
The god of the vishuddhi chakra is Brahmá,the creator, the embodiment of consciousness, When during meditation our consciuousness melts in the akasha we receive knowledge and wisdom. As its symbol we can find a white elephant standing there, and also the moon, which symbolizes the mind here.
The vishuddhi chakra mediates the feeling of infinite happiness and boundless freedom, our abilities freely evolve themselves through it. Good speech and singing voice, orator talent, balanced thought and emotional world characterizes this level of our spiritual development.
At the same time, this chakra can also cause discomfort, if we have not yet reached the level of this development. The blocks in the chakra can lead to feelings of fear, inhibition, claustrophobia, thyroid gland and throat illnesses, speech disturbances, anxiety, stage fright. The lotus which symbolizes the vishuddhi chakra has sixteen petals. According to one interpretation the leaves symbolize the 16 abilites (klas) that man is able to develop.
The number sixteen can be connected to the sixteen vowels of the Sanskrit alphabet, since the visuddhi chakra is the center of the voice. This is where the vak siddhi the extraordinary ability can be developed that the spoken words become reality or will become real.
This chakra serves as a gate to the mental sphere, it leads the way to the finer plain of existence. The sixteen petal lotus flower of the throat charkra starts out from the neck vertebrae, and it opens its light blue petals forward to the larynx. It provides the hands, the neck, the nape of the neck, the area of the jaw, the ears, the vocal organs , the larynx, the respiratory tube,the bronchium and the upper part of the lungs with fine energy. It affects the thyroid gland which regulates the body’s metabolism.
The disturbance in the chakra is charcterized by the illnesses of the above body parts: recurring throat or tonsil infection, hoarseness, difficulty with swallowing, thyroid gland complaints etc. In case the throat chakra works unhindered our creativity and imagination are strong, our self expression is well developed, we pay attention to our inner voice, we are honest with others, and we can show our gentleness, we are able to decide well and firmly. In the interest of the importance of our freedom and independence we do not let the opinion of others influence us.
The throat chakra is very strongly connected to the sub chakra which reaches out backwards at the nape of the neck. Disturbances in the throat chakra are indicated by the suppression of emotions and the physical symptoms which accompany it (constricted throat, stutter). This is why it is important to keep the balance of our lower chakras, so that based on our emotional securiity we can create body’s physical and mental balance.
Task: to inform and to create
Key concepts: attention understandable speech,
Physical aspects: mouth, thyroid gland, neck
Accompanying illnesses: throat ache, cold, stiff neck
Addictions: smoking excessive use of nose drops,
Symbol: blue circle
Stones : turquoise, aquamarine, calzedone
Scents: eucalyptus, fir, spearmint
Healing stones: aquamarine,calzedone, crisocolla, opal turquoise, lapis lazuli:
6. BROW CHAKRA
Agya chakra – Eyebrow centre
agya = order or knowledge
The agya chakra is located at the centre of the brow between the two eyebrows therefore it is also called the third eye, or the eyebrow centre.This chakra is the centre of light, resp. clear vision (knowledge, light, cleanness) and wisdom. It forms a boundary between human and divine knowledge. Three energy paths (naadi) meet in the agya chakra: idaa (moon naadi) pingala (sun naadi) and sushumna (central naadi). If the energy of these paths goes even higher in the agya chakra we reach the samadhi the Most High State of Consciousness.
The mantra belonging to the chakra is OM the ancient voice of creation. Its element is the anupada tattva (the element of the mind). The agya chakra is the Shiva lingam, which embodies the creative and the creating consciousness. In this chakra and in the chakras which follow, we no longer encounter animal symbols, because as of this level purely and exclusively human and divine characteristics are typical.
The colour of the chakra is milk white but with smoky, cloud like shades, which show that our consciousness has been cleared for the most part, but is not fully clear as yet. The lotus flower of the agya chakra has two petals, thus indicating that on this level of consciousness there are only “two left”. The atna (the self as it is) and the paratmama(God). The gods of the chakra Shiva and Shakti are united in one form. This means that consciousness and nature have already united in the agya chakra, but have not yet joined together in perfect unison.
The characteristics of the charkra are unity (ekatha) emptiness (shunja) reality (sat) consciousness (chit) and happiness filled with glory ( ananda).This is where the eye of knowledge opens up through which we witness the self reality in accordance with reality , respectively the reality of the real self. This is why the agya chakra is called the third eye. The third eye is another name for wisdom and at the same time is the symbol of Shiva (the three eyed Shiva).
The agya chakra is the location of the inner master. It indicates that wisdom and knowledge are realized in actions, resp. it is shown in our actions, and it reflects on how the egocentric intellect has bowed to the higher moral realization and right judgement (viveka) of the higher order.At the same time the blockades appearing in the chakra may result in the opposite effect they can lead the ability of weighing and making a decision astray.
The sixth chakra, the chakra of inner knowledge and the third eye is there to serve the knowledge of existence. The intelellectual layer lifts sense, understanding, intellectual love and knowledge and intellectual purpose.The colour of the lotus flower of the third eye chakra is indigo blue, and it unfolds its ninety six petals between the two eyebrows to the front. It provides the face, the eye, the nasal cavity, the sinus, the ears, the central nervous system and the cerebellum. It has an effect on the pituitary gland.
The disturbances in this chakra are indicated by illnesses of the eye, vision and hearing complaints high blood pressure, sinus and ear infection, this chakra connects us with the supernatural world, it helps with profound thinking, quick understanding and in the recognition of the unity of the world.If this chakra is developed and we recognize the developed reality we will be able to perceive incomprihensible signs with our senses, and embed them in our consciousness. This is the place for want and clear vision. We discover the unwritten and supernatural laws, our inner sight leads us into new worlds.
If this chakra works disharmonically, the person just sees what his eyes transmit, and just accepts truths which are proveable in a rational way.
The disturbance of this chakra is shown by forgetfulness, and disturbances in thinking as well as undestanding.
Its task: seeing intuitive feelings
Key concepts: clear vision, consciousness, mental strength
Bodily effects: brain, nervous system, eyes, ears, blindness, poor vision, headache
Related illnesses: blindness, poor vision, headache
Colour : violet
Symbol: violet pyramid
Stones: amethyst, sapphire
Scents: lavender, jasmine
Healing stones : azurite, lapis lazuli, sodalite, zirconia, sapphire, amethyst
- CROWN CHAKRA
Sahasrara chakra – Top of the head centre
Sahasrara= thousand, endless
The sahasrara chakra is located on the top of the head. The thousand petal lotus the Brahmarandra (Gate leading to God) or the centre of the million rays as it is also called, since its light can also be compared to that of the sun. No source of light can compete with the light of sun, just like the energies and emanation of the sahasrara chakra eclipses the energy and emanation of all the other chakras.
In the sahasrara chakra lies an important force, the medha shakti. This is a hormone which affects the functions of the brain, thus the memory, concentration and comprehensibility.
The medha shakti can be activated and strengthened with yoga exercises. The Sahasrara has no colour whatsoever and no characteristics. Its clear light embodies all colours and shades. All nadhi energies come together in this centre, just like a thousand rivers flow into the sea.. This is the seat of Shiva, the highest self reality. With the sahasrara chakra the divine shining is before us, and the Highest Consciousness emerges,just like the rising sun chases away the darkness of the night so does our consciouslessness cease in the wake of the awakening of the the sahasrara chakra.
This chakra embodies the final aim of yoga which is self realization and divine realization. Whoever reaches this point, is free of all karma, and reaches the moksha, that is he/she is free from the revolving cycle of birth and death. és eléri a mokshát, vagyis megszabadul a születés és halál The yogi reaches during this stage of the meditation the Samadhi in this chakra, this being the Highest state of consciousness. At the highest point of the samadhi in the nirvikalpa samadhi the mind finally finds peace and the yogi reaches the unification of the subject, object and knowledge itself.
In the sahasrara a thousand leaves petal blooms as the symbol of the fully evolved consciousness. The God of the chakra is Shiva who manifests herself in the form of the highest consciousness. Its element is the adhi tattva,the highest spiritual tattva its mantra is similarly to the agya chakra is OM, or the ancient voice.
The top of the head chakra is the representative of the I, therefore it is also known as crown chakra. Its lotus flower opens its upcoming blooming violet coloured petals on the middle of the top of the head. The uppermost all unifying chakra provides energy to the cerebeum and the pineal gland with fine energy. The disturbances in the chakra are signalled by headache high blood pressure an disease in the cerebeum.The crown chakra just like the Keter, the innermost temple in which we discover the secrets of unity and unification we get in touch with our higher I.
In this chakra we experience divine unity, the closeness of God, the unity of the universe. When this chakra fully opens our knowledge obtained so far expand, we recognize the cause reason connections of the rules and phenomena of the world.Harmony rules within us, we may find perfect happiness. We use our creative forces to beautify the world and in order to open the hearts of people.
We no longer feel anger, revenge and have no negative thoughts, because divine light shines within us, we are part of God. If the crown chakra is closed, and its energy does not flow sufficiently we canot find ourselves, the reason for living, we do not know what true, selfless love is.
Its task: understanding
Key concepts: general love, inner knowledge
Physical aspects : nervous system, muscles, skin
Related illnesses: depression, epilepsy
Colours : colour of the rain
Symbol : Sun
Stones: mountain crystal, diamond
Scents: Roman chamomile, coriander, cinnamon
Healing stones: selenite , amethyst, mountain crystal citrine, ametrine